People live in an environment governed with a number of rules and regulations being implemented by different institutions. Even in simple activities such as games, there are rules and regulations to be followed and the entire game is within the scope of such rules. Whatever we do, we are always guided by these rules to keep us in the right track and prevent violations. For most people, when they hear the word “rules” they often relate it with “law”. Laws are rules that govern every single individual and creation here in our society. It maintains the peace and unity within the members of the society. Law doesn’t only refer to the rules that the government implements but also to social and economical aspects of our existence. Laws are not only applicable to humans, but it also includes subjects such as properties, inanimate objects and tangible processes. Humans are actually free to do a lot of things but with every action exists a corresponding limitation and responsibility in order to be considered a good citizen of the state. The law is strictly implemented by the government and those who violate the law are punished or jailed. The law has two distinct branches, the public law and the private law. These two laws are under the human positive law which is created by human beings to protect their rights and govern their welfare. Public law is basically concerned with the powers of the state to command conformity from its people and the freedom from the authority of other states. Public law includes administrative, constitutional and criminal law. It standardizes all aspects of human relations. It includes the relationship of the three major departments of the government which is the executive, legislative and the judiciary. It also includes the different rights of the people and the systems involved in giving sanctions to those who violate the law. Private law, on the other hand, is concerned with the personal relations among individuals that are citizens of the state. This includes Civil laws and Business laws. This branch of the law pertains to the rules and regulations that surround property ownership, contract agreement among individuals and family matters. The private law is basically dominated by the public law in the present times because of the decreasing importance of the former. There is also another law called the divine positive law or also called the natural law. This is the law that considers the supremacy of God. It primarily promotes to respect human dignity and to treat each other equally. Laws exist for a number of reasons. Without the law, peace and order would never be experienced because we can’t deny that there are some individuals who do not actually know their limitations causing disruptions to the lives of others. Playing an important role in implementing these laws is the government. This is the institution that ensures that all of their people get to live a happy and peaceful life. They protect their people from invaders and help them enjoy their freedom. The law is not limited to those that do not commit violations because even suspected violators of the law are given equal chances and rights to be protected and treated humanly. Those individuals that are caught by the government officials should undergo a process to ensure that there are justice and equality among people. In this way, those who are not guilty of a crime will be given a chance to defend themselves. Promulgating laws is not a simple thing, it involves complex procedures and hearings before its approval so it is also important for the citizens to monitor the activity of those that we choose to lead in order to ensure that everything goes well for the state. All of us have equal rights and privileges, and we are free to demand these rights from the government because deprivation of our rights is a violation to the law. The law generally involves a lot of things, and it is or obligation to obey the law and be responsible for our actions. Laws are laws and ignorance of the law is never an excuse.
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